The Best Maya Ruins in Belize
Long before Europeans arrived in the New World, the ancient Maya civilization stretched from what is today's Mexico all the way down to El Salvador. The modern nation of Belize formed the heartland of this mighty civilization, serving as an important nexus in the Maya's vast trade network that connected its more than one million citizens.
For reasons not yet completely understood by archeologists, the Maya civilization began to collapse around AD 900 in what is known as the Post Classic period. Whether due to climate change, agricultural blight, civil strife, or a combination of several factors, the collapse of the Maya civilization saw the fragmentation of the Maya into distinct kingdoms and principalities.
But for more than 2,000 years, the abundant sunshine, fertile soils, and the rich fisheries of the offshore reef allowed the Maya civilization to flourish in what is now Belize. The Maya dug a channel to separate what is now the island of Ambergris Caye from the mainland and used waterways like the Belize River to move goods, people, and valuables between city-states.
Many of Belize's most celebrated Maya ruins, sites like Xunantunich and Caracol, were locked in a cycle of alliances and wars with each other and powerful city-states like Tikal in what is now Guatemala. Historians have carefully pieced together the archeological evidence and now know that Caracol once ruled over vast swathes of Maya territory during the reign of the so-called Snake Dynasty.
Other important Maya sites in Belize include Altun Ha and Lamanai. Following the collapse of the Maya Empire, these impressive displays of architecture were swallowed up by the jungle, lost for centuries until rediscovered at the end of the 19th century. Although archeologists have performed heroic work in excavating these important sites, much work remains to be done. In fact, a 2016 dig at Xunantunich uncovered the largest Maya royal tomb ever discovered.
Today, the living descendants of the ancient Maya are an important component of Belizean life, keeping their language, music, foods, and customs preserved for generations to come.
Black Orchid Resort offers the perfect Mayan Ruin tours for anyone interested in seeing the true majesty of the once-great Maya Empire. Although Belize is home to more than 800 Maya sites, our tour focuses on the very best, including:
Climb soaring pyramids, explore majestic temples, see the buidings that were once home to elite nobles, and marvel at the impressive stonework and art that has survived over 1,000 years in the jungle.
Altun Ha Mayan Ruins
Spanning 25 square miles, Altun Ha is made up of two central plazas surrounded by towering temples that enclose the palm strewn land. Jade, jewelry, flints and skins are among the three hundred remnants.
READ MORE: Altun Ha Mayan Ruins
Lamanai Mayan Ruins
Lamanai is cradled on the shores of the New River Lagoon and is thought to be the largest Mayan ceremonial site in the region. Expanding over a huge expanse on the Belize New River, Lamanai boasts over 800 structures deep in the lush jungle.
Xunantunich Mayan Ruins
The Xunantunich archeological site actually rests atop on one of the highest plateaus in the area which only adds to the incredible views when you venture to the top of "El Castillo", the largest of the temples at this site.
Caracol Mayan Ruins
Caracol, a Classic Period complex, covers 30 square miles of thick, high-canopy jungle and includes five plazas, an astronomic observatory and over 35,000 buildings which have been identified.
Tikal Mayan Ruins
The ancient city of Tikal is a UNESCO World heritage site and an awesome combination of nature and archaeology.